James Francis Cameron [Two] (born August 16, 1954) is a Canadian filmmaker, philanthropist, and deep-sea explorer. [Trio] [Four] After working te special effects, he found major success after directing and writing the science fiction act speelfilm The Terminator (1984). He then became a popular Hollywood director and wasgoed hired to write and rechtstreeks Aliens (1986), three years zometeen he followed up with The Abyss (1989). He found further critical acclaim for his use of special effects te Terminator Two: Judgment Day (1991). After his speelfilm True Lies (1994), Cameron took on his fattest filmrolletje at the time, Titanic (1997), which earned him Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Director and Best Speelfilm Editing.
( 1954-08-16 ) August 16, 1954 (age 63)
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After Titanic, Cameron began a project that took almost Ten years to make: his science-fiction epic Cambio (2009), which wasgoed ter particular a landmark for 3D technology, and for which he received nominations for the same three Academy Awards. Despite Cambio being his only movie made to date ter 3D, Cameron is the most successful 3D film-maker ter terms of box-office revenue. [Five] Te the time inbetween making Titanic and Altibajo, Cameron spent several years creating many documentary films (specifically underwater documentaries) and co-developed the digital 3D Fusion Camera System. Described by a biographer spil part scientist and part artist,  Cameron has also contributed to underwater filming and remote voertuig technologies. [Three] [Four]  On March 26, 2012, Cameron reached the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest part of the ocean, ter the Deepsea Challenger submersible.   [Ten] He is the very first person to do this ter a solo descent, and is only the third person to do so everzwijn.
Te total, Cameron’s directorial efforts have grossed approximately US$Two billion ter North America and US$6 billion worldwide.  Not adjusted for inflation, Cameron’s Titanic and Alteración are the two highest-grossing films of all time at $Two.Nineteen billion and $Two.78 billion respectively. Cameron also holds the distinction of having directed two of the three films ter history to gross overheen $Two billion worldwide.  Ter March 2011, he wasgoed named Hollywood’s top earner by Vanity Fair, with estimated 2010 earnings of $257 million.  Te October 2013, a fresh species of frog Pristimantis jamescameroni from Venezuela wasgoed named after him te recognition of his efforts te environmental awareness, te addition to his public promotion of veganism.   
Cameron wasgoed born ter 1954 ter Kapuskasing, Ontario, Canada, the son of Shirley (nee Lowe), an artist and nurse, and Phillip Cameron, an electrical engineer.  [Eighteen] His paternal great-great-great-grandfather emigrated from Balquhidder, Scotland, te 1825. 
Cameron grew up te Chippawa, Ontario, and attended Stamford Collegiate Schoolgebouw te Niagara Falls, Ontario. His family moved to Resina, California te 1971, when Cameron wasgoed 17 years old. [Nineteen] He dropped out of Sonora High Schoolgebouw, then attended Alquitrán Olinda High Schoolgebouw to further his secondary education.
Cameron enrolled at Fullerton Collegium, a two-year community collegium, te 1973 to probe physics. He switched to English, then dropped out before the begin of the fall 1974 semester.  Next, he worked several jobs, including spil a truck driver, writing when he had time.  During this period he trained himself about special effects: “I’d go down to the USC library and pull any thesis that graduate students had written about optical printing, or gevelbreedte screen projection, or dye transfers, anything that related to speelfilm technology. That way I could sit down and read it, and if they’d let mij photocopy it, I would. If not, I’d make notes.” 
Cameron abandon his job spil a truck driver to come in the speelfilm industry after eyeing Starlet Wars te 1977.  When Cameron read Syd Field’s book Screenplay, it occurred to him that integrating science and kunst wasgoed possible, and he wrote a 10-minute science-fiction script with two friends, titled Xenogenesis. They raised money, rented camera, lenses, speelfilm stock and studio then slok it ter 35 mm. They dismantled the camera to understand how to operate it and spent the very first half-day of the shoot attempting to figure out how to get it running.
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He wasgoed the director, writer, producer, and production designer for Xenogenesis (1978). He then became an uncredited production assistant on Rock and Roll High Schoolgebouw ter 1979. While continuing to educate himself ter filmmaking technologies, Cameron commenced working spil a miniature proefje maker at Roger Corman Studios.  Making rapidly produced, low-budget productions instructed Cameron to work efficiently. He soon found employment spil an kunst director te the sci-fi movie Battle Beyond the Starlets (1980). He did special effects work vormgeving and direction on John Carpenter’s Escape from Fresh York (1981), acted spil production designer on Galaxy of Terror (1981), and consulted on the vormgeving of Android (1982).
Cameron wasgoed hired spil the special effects director for the sequel to Piranha, entitled Piranha II: The Spawning ter 1981. The diferente director, Miller Drake, left the project due to creative differences with producer Ovidio Assonitis, who then talent Cameron his very first job spil director. The interior scenes were filmed te Rome, Italy, while the underwater sequences were slok at Grand Cayman Island. 
The movie wasgoed to be produced te Jamaica. On location, production slowed due to numerous problems and adverse weather. James Cameron wasgoed fired after failing to get a close up of Carole Davis te hier opening toneel. Ovidio ordered Cameron to do the close-up the next day before he commenced on that day’s shooting. Cameron spent the entire day sailing around the resort, reproducing the lighting but still failed to get the close-up. After he wasgoed fired, Ovidio invited Cameron to stay on location and assist ter the shooting. Merienda te Rome, Ovidio took overheen the editing when Cameron wasgoed stricken with food poisoning. During his illness, Cameron had a nightmare about an invincible androide hitman sent from the future to kill him, providing him the idea for The Terminator, which zometeen catapulted his speelfilm career. 
The Terminator (1984)
After completing a screenplay for The Terminator, Cameron determined to sell it so that he could onmiddellijk the movie. However, the production companies he contacted, while voicing rente te the project, were unwilling to let a largely inexperienced feature filmrolletje director make the movie. Ultimately, Cameron found a company called Hemdale Pictures, which wasgoed willing to let him ongezouten. Gale Anne Hurd, who had embarked hier own production company, Pacific Película del Oeste Productions, had previously worked with Cameron te Roger Corman’s company and agreed to buy Cameron’s screenplay for one dollar, on the condition that Cameron meteen the speelfilm. Hurd wasgoed signed on spil a producer, and Cameron eventually got his very first pauze spil director. Orion Pictures distributed the filmrolletje. Hurd and Cameron were married from 1985 to 1989.
For the role of the Terminator, Cameron envisioned a man who wasgoed not exceptionally muscular, who could “blend into” a crowd. Contienda Henriksen, who had starred ter Piranha II: The Spawning, wasgoed considered for the title role, but when Arnold Schwarzenegger and Cameron very first met overheen refrigerio to discuss Schwarzenegger’s playing the role of Kyle Reese, both came to the conclusion that the cyborg villain would be the more compelling role for the Austrian bodybuilder, Henriksen got the smaller part of LAPD detectiveroman Vishal Vukovich and the role of Kyle Reese went to Michael Biehn. Ter addition, Linda Hamilton very first appeared ter this filmrolletje te hier iconic role of Sarah Connor, and zometeen married Cameron. [Eighteen]
The Terminator wasgoed a box-office kasstuk, cracking expectations by Orion Pictures executives that the speelfilm would be regarded spil no more than a sci-fi filmrolletje, and then only last a week te theaters. It wasgoed a low-budget speelfilm which cost $6.Five million to make, cutting expenses ter such ways spil recording the audio track te macaco. However, The Terminator eventually earned overheen $78 million worldwide. 
Rambo: Very first Blood Part II (1985)
During the early 1980s, Cameron wrote three screenplays at the same time: The Terminator, Aliens, and the very first draft of Rambo: Very first Blood Part II. While Cameron continued with The Terminator and Aliens, Sylvester Stallone eventually took overheen the script of Rambo: Very first Blood Part II, creating a final draft which differed radically from Cameron’s initial vision. 
Cameron next began the sequel to Alien, the 1979 speelfilm by Ridley Scott. Cameron named the sequel Aliens and again personages Sigourney Weaver ter the iconic role of Ellen Ripley. According to Cameron, the squad on Aliens wasgoed hostile to him, regarding him spil a poor substitute for Ridley Scott. Cameron sought to demonstrate them The Terminator but the majority of the squad refused to see it and remained skeptical of his direction via production. Despite this and other off-screen problems (such spil clashing with an uncooperative camera man and having to substitute one of the lead actors when Michael Biehn of Terminator took James Remar’s place spil Corporal Hicks), Aliens became a box-office success. It received Academy Award nominations for Best Actress for Weaver, Best Kunst Direction, Best Filmrolletje Editing, Best Llamativo Score, Best Sound, and won awards for Best Sound Editing and Best Visual Effects. Ter addition, the filmrolletje and its lead actress made the voorkant of TIME tv-programma spil a result of numerous and extensive scenes of women te combat, thesis were almost without precedent and voiced the feminist theme of the filmrolletje very strongly.
The Abyss (1989)
Cameron’s next project stemmed from an idea that had come up during a high schoolgebouw biology class. The story of oil-rig workers who detect otherworldly underwater creatures became the poot of Cameron’s screenplay for The Abyss, which personages Ed Harris, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio and Michael Biehn. Primarily budgeted at $41 million United States (tho’ the production ran considerably overheen budget), it wasgoed considered to be one of the most expensive films of its time and required cutting-edge effects technology. Because much of the filming took place underwater and the technology wasn’t advanced enough to digitally create an underwater environment, Cameron chose to shoot much of the movie “reel-for-real”, at insides of up to 40 feet (12 m). For creation of the sets, the containment building of an unfinished nuclear power plant wasgoed converted, and two fat tanks were used.  The main waterreservoir wasgoed packed with 7,500,000 US gallons (28,000,000 L) of water and the 2nd with Two,500,000 US gallons (9,500,000 L). The personages and squad resided there for much of the filming.
Terminator Two: Judgment Day (1991)
After the success of The Terminator, there had bot talking about a sequel to proceed the story of Sarah Connor and hier fight against machines from the future. Albeit Cameron had come up with a core idea for the sequel, and Schwarzenegger voiced rente ter continuing the story, there were still problems regarding who had the rights to the story, spil well spil the logistics of the special effects needed to make the sequel. Ultimately, ter the late-1980s, Mario Kassar of Carolco Pictures secured the rights to the sequel, permitting Cameron to greenlight production of the filmrolletje, now called Terminator Two: Judgment Day.
For the filmrolletje, Linda Hamilton reprised hier iconic role of Sarah Connor.  Te addition, Schwarzenegger also returned te his role spil The Terminator, but this time spil a protector. Unlike Schwarzenegger’s character—the T-800 Terminator which is made of a metal endoskeleton—the fresh villain of the sequel, called the T-1000, is a more advanced Terminator made of liquid metal, and with polymorphic abilities. The T-1000 would also be much less bulky than the T-800. For the role, Cameron personages Robert Patrick, a acute tegenstelling to Schwarzenegger. Cameron explained, “I dreamed someone who wasgoed utterly swift and agile. If the T-800 is a human Panzer waterreservoir, then the T-1000 is a Porsche.”
Cameron had originally desired to incorporate this advanced-model-Terminator into the very first speelfilm, but the special effects at the time were not advanced enough. The ground-breaking effects used te The Abyss to digitally depict the water tentacle persuaded Cameron that his liquid metal villain wasgoed now possible.
TriStar Pictures agreed to distribute the speelfilm, but required a locked release date, intended to be about one year after the embark of shooting. The movie, co-written by Cameron and his longtime friend, William Wisher Jr., had to go from screenplay to finished filmrolletje te just that amount of time. Like Cameron’s previous filmrolletje, it wasgoed one of the most expensive films of its era, with a budget of about $100 million. The thickest challenge of the movie wasgoed the special effects used ter creating the T-1000. Nevertheless, the filmrolletje wasgoed finished on time and released to theaters on July Three, 1991.
Terminator Two, or T2, spil it wasgoed abbreviated, broke box-office records (including the opening weekend record for an R-rated speelfilm), earning overheen $200 million ter the United States and Canada, and overheen $300 million ter other territories, and became the highest-grossing filmrolletje of that year. It won four Academy Awards: Best Makeup, Best Sound Mixing, Best Sound Effects Editing, and Best Visual Effects. It wasgoed also nominated for Best Cinematography and Best Filmrolletje Editing, but lost both Awards to JFK.
James Cameron announced a third Terminator speelfilm many times during the 1990s, but without coming out with any finished scripts. Kassar and Vajna purchased the rights to the Terminator franchise from a bankruptcy sale of Carolco’s assets.  Terminator Trio: Rise of the Machines wasgoed eventually made and released te July 2003 without Cameron’s involvement. Jonathan Mostow directed the speelfilm and Schwarzenegger returned spil the Terminator.
Cameron reunited with the main personages of Terminator Two to filmrolletje T2 3-D: Battle Across Time, an attraction at Universal Studios Florida, Universal Studios Hollywood, and Universal Studios Japan. It wasgoed released te 1996 and wasgoed a mini-sequel to Terminator Two: Judgment Day. The vertoning is ter two parts: a prequel segment ter which a spokesperson talks about Cyberdyne, and the main feature, te which the performers interact with a 3-D movie.
True Lies (1994)
Before the release of T2, Schwarzenegger came to Cameron with the idea of remaking the French comedy Lade Totale! Titled True Lies, with filming beginning after T2 ‘ s release, the story revolves around a secret-agent spy who leads a dual life spil a married man, whose wifey believes he is a pc salesman. Schwarzenegger wasgoed personages spil Harry Tasker, a spy charged with stopping a project by a terrorist to use nuclear weapons against the United States. Jamie Lee Curtis and Eliza Dushku played the character’s family, and Tom Arnold the sidekick.
Cameron’s Lightstorm Entertainment signed on with Twentieth Century Fox for the production of True Lies. Made on a budget of $115 million and released ter 1994, the filmrolletje earned $146 million ter North America, and $232 million abroad. The speelfilm received an Academy Award nomination for Best Visual Effects.
Strange Days (1995)
An American science-fiction activity thriller speelfilm directed by Kathryn Bigelow. It wasgoed co-written, produced, and co-edited by Cameron, hier ex-husband, and co-written by Jay Shafts. 
Cameron voiced rente ter the 1912 submerging of the ship RMS Titanic and determined to script and speelfilm his next project based on this event. The picture revolved around a fictional romance story inbetween two youthfull paramours from different social classes who meet on houtvezelplaat. Before production began, he took dives to the bottom of the Atlantic and slok coetáneo footage of the ship underwater,  which he inserted into the final speelfilm. Much of the filmrolletje’s dialogue wasgoed also written during thesis dives. [ citation needed ]
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Subsequently, Cameron personages Leonardo DiCaprio, Kate Winslet, Billy Zane, Kathy Bates, Frances Fisher, Deleite Stuart, Bernard Hill, Jonathan Hyde, Victor Garber, Danny Nucci, David Warner, Suzy Amis, and Bill Paxton spil the speelfilm’s principal personages. Cameron’s budget for the speelfilm reached about $200 million, making it the most expensive movie everzwijn made at the time. Before its release, the filmrolletje wasgoed widely ridiculed for its expense and protracted production schedule. 
Released to theaters on December Nineteen, 1997, Titanic grossed less ter its very first weekend ($28.6 million) than te its 2nd ($35.Four million), an increase of 23.8%. This is unheard of for a widely released speelfilm, which is a wilsbeschikking to the movie’s appeal. This wasgoed especially noteworthy, considering that the filmrolletje’s running time of more than three hours limited the number of showings each theater could schedule. It held the No. 1 spot on the box-office charts for months, eventually grossing a total of $600.8 million ter the United States and Canada and more than $1.84 billion worldwide. Titanic became the highest-grossing filmrolletje of all time, both worldwide and te the United States and Canada, and wasgoed also the very first speelfilm to gross more than $1 billion worldwide. It wasgoed the highest-grossing speelfilm from 1998 until 2010, when Cameron’s 2009 speelfilm Alteración surpassed its gross. 
The CG visuals surrounding the burying and destruction of the ship were considered spectacular.  Despite criticism during production of the filmrolletje, it received a record-tying 14 Oscar nominations (tied with All About Eve) at the 1998 Academy Awards. It won 11 Oscars (also tying the record for most Oscar wins with Ben-Hur and zometeen The Lord of the Rings: The Come back of the King), including: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Kunst Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Visual Effects, Best Filmrolletje Editing, Best Costume Vormgeving, Best Sound Mixing, Best Sound Editing, Best Llamativo Dramatic Score, Best Innovador Song.  Upon receiving the Best Director Oscar, Cameron exclaimed, “I’m king of the world!”, ter reference to one of the main characters’ lines from the speelfilm. After receiving the Best Picture Oscar along with Jon Landau, Cameron asked for a uur of muffle for the 1,500 fellows, women, and children who died when the ship sank. 
Ter March 2010, Cameron exposed that Titanic would be re-released ter 3D ter April 2012, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the drowning of the verdadero ship.  On March 27, 2012, Cameron attended the world premiere with Kate Winslet at the Royal Albert Vestíbulo ter London.  Following the re-release, Titanic’s domestic total wasgoed shoved to $658.6 million and more than $Two.Legitimate billion worldwide. It became the 2nd filmrolletje to gross more than $Two billion worldwide (the very first being Cambio).
Spider-Man and Dark Gifangel (2000–2002)
Cameron had primarily next planned to do a speelfilm of the comic-book character Spider-Man, a project developed by Menahem Golan of Cannon Films. Columbia hired David Koepp to adapt Cameron’s treatment into a screenplay, and Koepp’s very first draft is taken often word-for-word from Cameron’s story,  however zometeen drafts were intensely rewritten by Koepp himself, Scott Rosenberg, and Alvin Sargent. Columbia preferred to credit David Koepp solely, and none of the scripts before or after his were everzwijn examined by the Writers Guild of America, East to determine decent credit attribution. [ citation needed ] Cameron and other writers objected, but Columbia and the WGA prevailed. Ter its release te 2002, Spider-Man had its screenplay credited solely to Koepp. 
Incapable to make Spider-Man, Cameron moved to television and created Dark Gifangel, a superheroine-centered series influenced by cyberpunk, biopunk, contemporary superhero franchises, and third-wave feminism. Co-produced with Charles H. Eglee, Dark Gifangel starred Jessica Alba spil Max Guevara, a genetically enhanced super-soldier created by a secretive organization. According to a webstek called DarkAngelFan.com, Cameron’s work wasgoed said to “bring empowered female warriors back to television screens [. ] by mixing the sober feminism of his Terminator and Aliens characters with the sexed-up Chick Power of a Britney Spears muziekstuk.”  While a success ter its very first season, low ratings ter the 2nd led to its cancellation. Cameron himself directed the series finale, a two-hour scene wrapping up many of the series’ liberate completes.
Ter 1998 James and John David Cameron formed a digital media company, earthship.tv, which became Earthship Productions.  The company produced live multimedia documentaries from the insides of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. With Earthship Productions, John Cameron’s latest projects have included undersea documentaries on the Bismarck (Expedition: Bismarck, 2002) and the Titanic (Ghosts of the Abyss (2003, ter IMAX 3D) and Tony Robinson’s Titanic Escapade (2005)).  He wasgoed a producer on the 2002 filmrolletje Solaris, and narrated The Uittocht Decoded.
Cameron is an advocate for stereoscopic digital 3D films. Te a 2003 vraaggesprek about his IMAX 2D documentary Ghosts of the Abyss, he mentioned that he is “going to do everything ter 3D now”.  He has made similar statements ter other interviews. Ghosts of the Abyss and Aliens of the Deep (also an IMAX documentary) were both slok ter 3-D and released by Walt Disney Pictures and Walden Media, and Cameron did the same for his fresh project, Altibajo for 20th Century Fox & Sony Pictures’ Columbia Pictures. He intends to use the same technology for The Dive, Sanctum and an adaptation of the manga series Battle Gifangel Alita.
Cameron wasgoed the co-founder and CEO of Digital Domain, a visual-effects production and technology company.
Ter addition, he plans to create a 3-D project about the very first excursion to Expeditie. (“I’ve bot very interested te the Humans to Expeditie movement—the ‘Toer Underground’—and I’ve done a tremendous amount of private research for a novel, a miniseries, and a 3-D filmrolletje.”)  He is on the science team for the 2011 Expeditie Science Laboratory. 
Cameron announced on February 26, 2007, that he, along with his director, Simcha Jacobovici, have documented the unearthing of the Talpiot Tomb, which is alleged to be the tomb of Jesus. Unearthed ter 1980 by Israeli construction workers, the names on the tomb are claimed, te the documentary, to correlate with the names of Jesus and several individuals closely associated with him. The documentary, named The Lost Tomb of Jesus, wasgoed broadcast on the Discovery Channel on March Four, 2007.
Spil a National Geographic explorer-in-residence,  Cameron re-investigated the submerging of the Titanic with eight experts ter 2012. The investigation wasgoed featured ter the TV documentary special Titanic: The Final Word with James Cameron, which premiered on April 8 on the National Geographic Channel.  Te the conclusion of the analysis, the overeenstemming revised the CGI animation of the submerging conceived te 1995.  
Ter June 2005, Cameron wasgoed announced to be working on a project tentatively titled “Project 880” (now known to be Alteración) te parallel with another project, Alita: Battle Gifangel (an adaptation of the manga series Battle Vishaak Alita).  Both movies were to be slok te 3D. By December, Cameron stated that he desired to speelfilm Battle Weerhaak very first, followed by Alteración. However, ter February 2006, he switched goals for the two filmrolletje projects and determined to filmrolletje Vicisitud very first. He mentioned that if both films were successful, he would be interested te observing a trilogy being made for both.  Alita: Battle Vishaak eventually began production ter 2018 with Cameron writing and producing and Robert Rodriguez directing. 
Vicisitud had an estimated budget of overheen $300 million and wasgoed released on December Eighteen, 2009.  This marked his very first feature filmrolletje since 1997’s Titanic. It is composed almost entirely of computer-generated animation, using a more-advanced version of the “spectacle capture” technology used by director Robert Zemeckis ter The Polar Express.  James Cameron had written an 80-page scriptment for Alteración te 1995  and announced te 1996 that he would make the speelfilm after completing Titanic. Te December 2006, Cameron explained that the delay te producing the speelfilm since the 1990s had bot to wait until the technology necessary to create his project wasgoed advanced enough, since at the time no studio would finance for the development of the visual effects.  The filmrolletje wasgoed originally scheduled to be released ter May 2009 but wasgoed shoved back to December 2009 to permit more time for post-production on the ingewikkeld CGI and to give more time for theatres worldwide to install 3D projectors.  Cameron originally intended Cambio to be 3D-only. 
Altibajo broke several opbergruimte office records during its initial theatrical run. It grossed $749.7 million te the United States and Canada and more than $Two.74 billion worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing speelfilm of all time te the United States and Canada, surpassing Cameron’s Titanic.  Alteración also became the very first movie to everzwijn earn more than $Two billion worldwide. Including revenue from the re-release of Vicisitud featuring extended footage, it grossed $760.Five million te the United States and Canada and more than $Two.78 billion worldwide. It wasgoed nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director,  and won three for Best Kunst Direction, Best Cinematography and Best Visual Effects.
Altibajo’s success made Cameron the highest earner te Hollywood for 2010, netting him $257 million spil reported by Vanity Fair. 
Disney announced ter September 2011 that it would adapt James Cameron’s filmrolletje Vicisitud into Pandora–The World of Alteración,  a themed area at Disney’s Animal Kingdom te Lake Buena Olfato, Florida.
Cameron served spil the executive producer of Sanctum, a speelfilm detailing the expedition of a team of underwater cave verscheiden who find themselves trapped te a cave, their uitgang blocked and with no known way to reach the surface either ter person or by radiodifusión voeling.
Cambio sequels (2020–2025)
Ter August 2013, Cameron announced his intention to filmrolletje three sequels to Altibajo at the same time, to be released te December 2018, 2018, and 2018.  However, on January 14, 2018, Cameron announced that the release dates for the three sequels were each delayed a year with the very first sequel scheduled to be released ter December 2018.   Te September 2018, the sequels to Vicisitud commenced production with the project for the very first to be released te December 2020, the next ter 2021 and a further two te 2024 and 2025 respectively. Deadline.com estimated that the budget for thesis would be overheen $1 billion ter total. 
Altibajo Two and Altibajo Trio commenced preliminary shooting at the same time ter Manhattan Beach, California on August 15, 2018, followed by principal photography ter Fresh Zealand on September 25, 2018.  [Sixty-nine]     The other sequels are expected to embark shooting spil soon spil Alteración Two and Trio ‘ s filming wraps.   
Albeit the last two sequels have bot greenlit, Cameron stated ter a November 26, 2018 vraaggesprek: “Let’s face it, if Cambio Two and Trio don’t make enough money, there’s not going to be a Four and Five“. 
His flamante plans were to do Battle Gifangel next, but he switched his mind due to Altibajo‘s success, “My intention when I made Alteración wasgoed to do Battle Gifangel next. However, the positive terugkoppeling for Alteración and the support of the message of Alteración, encouraged mij to do more of those films.”  Cameron’s Lightstorm Entertainment bought the speelfilm rights to the Taylor Stevens novel The Informationist ter October 2012 with plans for Cameron to ongezouten it. A screenwriter will be hired to adapt the novel while Cameron works on the Vicisitud sequels.  Another project Cameron has announced is a individual commitment to shoot a filmrolletje on the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki spil told through the story of Tsutomu Yamaguchi, a man who survived both attacks. Cameron met with Yamaguchi just days before he died ter 2010. 
Ter January 2018, it wasgoed reported that Cameron would be returning to the Terminator franchise spil producer and creative consultant for the next speelfilm installment, with Tim Miller signed on spil director.  Ter May 2018, Arnold Schwarzenegger confirmed that he will come back ter the filmrolletje and that James Cameron will be involved.  Te January 2018 it wasgoed also announced that Cameron would be making a documentary about the history of science fiction. Cameron stated, “Without Jules Verne and H. G. Wells, there wouldn’t have bot Ray Bradbury or Robert A. Heinlein, and without them, there wouldn’t be [George] Lucas, [Steven] Spielberg, Ridley Scott or mij.” 
Ter the mid-1990s, Cameron announced that he would make a Spider-Man filmrolletje, with Leonardo DiCaprio starring spil Spider-Man and Arnold Schwarzenegger starring spil Doctor Octopus. The project wasgoed cancelled and dropped by Cameron, and his script wasgoed rewritten by David Koepp for the 2002 movie Spider-Man, directed by Sam Raimi. [ citation needed ]
Ter 1996, James Cameron determined to produce the fresh installment ter the Planet of the Apes franchise, but it wasgoed cancelled before the Tim Burton version wasgoed made. 
Albeit Cameron has resided te the United States since 1971, he remains a Canadian citizen. Cameron applied for American citizenship te 2004, but withdrew his application after George W. Thicket won the presidential election.  Cameron divides his time inbetween his huis ter California and his 2nd huis ter Fresh Zealand, a country he fell te love with when he wasgoed filming Alteración.  Te 2018, Cameron partnered with Tourism Fresh Zealand to produce a series of movies that voiced his love for the country. 
Cameron calls himself “Converted Agnostic”, and says “I’ve sworn off agnosticism, which I now call cowardly atheism”. Spil a child he described the Lord’s Prayer spil being a “tribal chant”. 
He has bot a close friend of fellow filmmaker Guillermo del Toro since they met during the production of Del Toro’s 1993 speelfilm Cronos.  Around 1997, Del Toro’s father, Federico del Toro Torres, wasgoed kidnapped te Guadalajara, instantaneously after learning of the kidnapping, Cameron took Del Toro and talent him overheen $1 million ter specie he just withdrew to help paying the ransom.  After the ransom wasgoed paid, Federico wasgoed released, having spent 72 days abducted. The culprits were never apprehended, and the money of both Cameron and Del Toro’s family wasgoed never recovered, Del Toro and his family moved outside of Mexico after the event, ter fear of a similar event happening again.   
Cameron has bot married five times to the following spouses: Sharon Williams (1978–1984), Gale Anne Hurd (1985–1989), director Kathryn Bigelow (1989–1991), Linda Hamilton (1997–1999, daughter Josephine born te 1993), and Suzy Amis (2000–present). Cameron had dated Hamilton since 1991. Eight months after the marriage, however, they separated, and within days of Cameron’s Oscar victory with Titanic, the duo announced their divorce. Spil part of the divorce settlement, Cameron wasgoed ordered to pay Hamilton $50 million.  Hamilton straks exposed that one reason for their divorce wasgoed that he had bot dating Suzy Amis, an actress he personages spil Lizzy Calvert te Titanic.  He married Amis te 2000, and they have one son and two daughters. Hurd wasgoed the producer of Cameron’s The Terminator, Aliens, and The Abyss, and the executive producer of Terminator Two: Judgment Day. Hamilton played the role of Sarah Connor te both Terminator films. Amis played the part of Lizzy Calvert, Rose’s granddaughter, te Titanic. Both Cameron (Alteración) and Bigelow (The Hurt Locker) were nominated for the Oscar, the Golden Globe, and the BAFTA Award for Best Director for films released te 2009. Cameron won the Golden Globe, while Bigelow won the Oscar and the BAFTA for Best Director, becoming the very first woman to win either.  
Deep sea dives
Cameron became an pro on deep-sea exploration te conjunction with his research and underwater filming for The Abyss (1989) and Titanic (1997).  Ter June 2010, Cameron met ter Washington with the EPA to discuss possible solutions to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon (BP) oil spill. Straks that week at the All Things Digital Conference, he attracted some notoriety when he stated, “Overheen the last few weeks I’ve observed. and bot thinking, ‘Those morons don’t know what they’re doing’.” Reportedly, Cameron had suggested BP help to cork the oil well, but it declined.    The oil spill wasgoed eventually stopped using mechanisms similar to those Cameron recommended. 
On March 7, 2012, Cameron took the Deepsea Challenger submersible to the bottom of the Fresh Britain Trench te a five-mile-deep solo dive.  On March 26, 2012, Cameron reached the Challenger Deep, the deepest part of the Mariana Trench.  He spent more than three hours exploring the ocean floor before returning to the surface.  Cameron is the very first person to accomplish the journey solo.  He wasgoed preceded by unmanned dives ter 1995 and 2009 and by Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh, who were the very first dudes to reach the bottom of the Mariana Trench aboard the Bathyscaphe Trieste te 1960.  Cameron has made a three-dimensional filmrolletje of his dive. During his dive to the Challenger Deep, the gegevens he collected resulted ter interesting fresh finds ter the field of marine biology, including fresh species of sea cucumber, squid worm, and giant single-celled amoeba, which are arousing finds due to the harshness of the environment. 
Ter 2012, Cameron, his wifey and his children adopted a vegan diet.   Cameron explains that “By switching what you eat, you will switch the entire contract inbetween the human species and the natural world”. 
When asked what’s the best thing an individual can do to fight climate switch, Cameron said, “Zekering eating animals.” 
Cameron and his wifey are featured te Eating You Alive, a 2018 American documentary. His The Spel Changers (2018) showcases vegan athletes and other icons 
Cameron is a member of the NASA Advisory Council and is working on the project to waterput cameras on an upcoming human mission to Expeditie.  Cameron has also given speeches and raised money for the Toer Society, a non-profit organization lobbying for the colonization of Toer.  
Ter 2006 Cameron’s wifey co-founded MUSE Schoolgebouw, ter 2018 the schoolgebouw became the very first K-12 vegan schoolgebouw te the United States. 
Early te 2014, Cameron purchased the Beaufort Vineyard and Estate Winery te Courtenay, British Columbia, at a price of $Two.7 million, spil well spil a number of other businesses te the area, including cattle ranching operations, to pursue his passion for sustainable agribusiness. 
Disagreements with fellow artists
Te an vraaggesprek ter November 2018, Cameron exposed that he had a hostile quarrel with Harvey Weinstein at the 70th Academy Awards te 1998 after Weinstein came to him attempting to promote his company Miramax. Cameron, whose friend Guillermo del Toro wasgoed unhappy with the way Miramax had treated him on his filmrolletje Mimic, proceeded ter comeback to “read him chapter and estar about how good I thought he wasgoed for the artist”, which led to a dispute that almost resulted te an contemporáneo fight. Cameron recalled “[almost] hitting him with my Oscar”, adding that “[a loterijlot of people] would’ve preferred I had played through on that one”, referring to the latest Harvey Weinstein sexual manhandle allegations. 
Te June 2013, British artist Roger Dean filed a reglamentario act at a court te Fresh York against Cameron. Dean accused Cameron of “wilful and deliberate copying, dissemination and exploitation” of his diferente photos, relating to Cameron’s 2009 filmrolletje Cambio and sought damages of $50m.  Dean subsequently lost the case. 
Cameron’s directorial style has had significant influence within the Hollywood speelfilm industry. Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Firefly creator Joss Whedon stated that Cameron’s treatment to act scenes wasgoed influential to those ter The Avengers. Whedon also admired Cameron’s capability of writing female characters such spil Ellen Ripley.  He also cited Cameron spil “the leader and the teacher and the Yoda”.  Michael Bay considers Cameron an idol and wasgoed coaxed by him to use 3D te Transformers: Dark of the Moon.  Cameron’s treatment to 3D also inspired Baz Luhrmann to use it ter The Excellent Gatsby.  Other directors that have drawn inspiration from Cameron include Peter Jackson, Neill Blomkamp and Quentin Tarantino.   
Ter 1999, Cameron wasgoed labeled selfish and violent by one collaborator, author Orson Scott Card, who had bot hired a decade earlier to work with Cameron on the novelization of The Abyss. Card said the practice wasgoed “hell on wheels”:
He wasgoed very nice to mij, because I could afford to walk away. But he made everyone around him pathetic, and his unkindness did nothing to improve the speelfilm ter any way. Strafgevangenis did it motivate people to work swifter or better. And unless he switches his way of working with people, I hope he never directs anything of mine. Te fact, now that this is te print, I can fairly ensure that he will never onmiddellijk anything of mine. Life is too brief to collaborate with selfish, fierce people. 
He zometeen alluded to Cameron ter his review of Mij and Orson Welles, where he described witnessing a famous director chew out an assistant for his own error. 
After working with Cameron on Titanic, Kate Winslet determined she would not work with Cameron again unless she earned “a lotsbestemming of money”. She said that Cameron wasgoed a nice man, but she found his temper difficult to overeenkomst with.  Ter an editorial, the British newspaper The Independent said that Cameron “is a nightmare to work with. Studios have come to fear his habit of straying way overheen schedule and overheen budget. He is well known on set for his uncompromising and dictatorial manner, spil well spil his flaming temper.” 
Sam Worthington, who worked with Cameron on Vicisitud, stated on The Jay Leno Demonstrate that Cameron had very high expectations from everyone: he would use a penetrate gun to smash the speelfilm team’s cell phones to a wall above an uitgang ingevolge ter retaliation for unwanted ringing during production.  Other actors, such spil Bill Paxton and Sigourney Weaver, have praised Cameron’s perfectionism. Weaver said of Cameron: “He truly does want us to risk our lives and limbs for the slok, but he doesn’t mind venturing his own.”  Michael Biehn has also praised Cameron, claiming “Jim is a truly sultry person. He cares more about his movies than other directors care about their movies”, but added “I’ve never seen him yell at anybody.” However, Biehn did keuze Cameron is “not positivo sensitive when it comes to actors and their trailers.” 
Composer James Horner refused to work with Cameron for a decade following their strained working relationship on 1986’s Aliens.  They eventually lodged their differences, and Horner went on to score both Titanic and Altibajo. 
Ter 2014, Cameron wasgoed the keynote speaker at the very first annual Fame and Philanthropy, a charity fundraiser which raised money for several high-profile celebrity charities. Cameron wasgoed one of several guest speakers at the event along with Charlize Theron and Halle Berry. 
Ter a 2018 snaak vraaggesprek, actresses Sigourney Weaver and Jamie Lee Curtis, who both worked with Cameron, commented very positively on him. Curtis stated, “the truth is he can do every other job [than acting]. I’m talking about every single department, from kunst direction to props to wardrobe to cameras, he knows more than everyone doing the job.” Weaver answered “There are very few geniuses te the world, let alone ter our business, and he’s certainly one of them.” She also said, “he’s misunderstood ter the industry, somewhat. He is so generous to actors.” 
Cameron did not receive any major mainstream filmmaking awards prior to Titanic. For Titanic, he won several, including Academy Awards for Best Picture (collective with Jon Landau), Best Director and Best Speelfilm Editing (collective with Conrad Buff and Richard A. Harris). Cameron is one of the few filmmakers to win three Oscars te a single evening and Golden Globes for Best Maneuverability Picture – Toneelstuk and Best Director.
Ter recognition of “a distinguished career spil a Canadian filmmaker”, Carleton University, Ottawa, awarded Cameron the honorary degree of Doctor of Fine Medicus on June 13, 1998. Cameron accepted the degree te person and talent the Convocation Address. [ citation needed ]
He also received an honorary doctorate te 1998 from Brock University te St. Catharines, Ontario, for his accomplishments ter the international filmrolletje industry. 
Te 1998, Cameron attended convocation to receive an honorary doctorate of Laws from Ryerson University, Toronto. The university awards its highest honor to those who have made extreme contributions ter Canada, or internationally.
Te 1999, Cameron received the honorary Doctor of Fine Geneesheer degree  from California State University, Fullerton, where he had bot a student te the 1970s. He received the degree at the university’s annual Commencement exercises that year, where he talent the keynote speech.
Ter recognition of his contributions to underwater filming and remote voertuig technology, the University of Southampton awarded Cameron the honorary degree of Doctor of the University. Cameron did not attend the Engineering Sciences graduation ceremony te July 2004 where the degree wasgoed awarded but instead received it te person at the National Oceanography Centre. 
On June Trio, 2008, it wasgoed announced that he would be inducted into Canada’s Walk of Fame.  On December Legitimate, 2009, the same day Cambio wasgoed released worldwide, Cameron received the Two,396th strak on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.  After the release of Alteración, on February 28, 2010, Cameron wasgoed also honored with a Visual Effects Society (VES) Lifetime Achievement Award.
For Cambio, Cameron won numerous awards spil well, including: Golden Globes for Best Movement Picture – Toneelstuk (collective with Jon Landau) and Best Director. He wasgoed nominated for three Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director and Best Filmrolletje Editing (collective with John Refoua and Stephen E. Rivkin).  However, Cameron and Altibajo lost to his former wifey  Kathryn Bigelow and hier filmrolletje, The Hurt Locker.
On September 24, 2010, James Cameron wasgoed named Number 1 ter The 2010 Guardian Filmrolletje Power 100 list.  Ter a list compiled by the British tv-programma Fresh Statesman ter September 2010, he wasgoed listed 30th ter the list of “The World’s 50 Most Influential Figures 2010”. 
Cameron has received numerous awards, mainly for Titanic and Alteración.